MAAIF Plans Export-Oriented Large Scale Commercial Agriculture

These remarks were made by Hon. Vincent Bamulangaki Ssempijja  on 29th August 2016 during the Uganda Joint Agricultural Sector Annual Review (JASAR) that was held at Speke Resort Munyonyo in Kampala in Uganda. One of the events at the JASAR was a press conference among which the panellists were the Minister of Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industries and Fisheries (MAAIF), Hon. Syda Bumba, other senior government officials – including heads of directorates within MAAIF, and Mr. Charles Owach of Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO Uganda) who represented Government of Uganda (GOU) ‘Development Partners’.

The question is: how shall we in agriculture achieve the target of contributing four billion dollars to Uganda’s economy? All areas in agriculture have the potential to create jobs.

Fisheries if not mismanaged and managed well, can employ so many people. We are going to emphasise aquaculture that is to do with fish farming and farming of other things that are farmed in water, instead of allowing our lakes to go to waste. Aquaculture will create tens of thousands of jobs.

We are going to increase production to 20 million bags of coffee from three million bags. This has an element to create jobs. You have got to plant it, you have to look after it, you have to pick it, you have to dry it, you have to process it, you have to transport it, you have to pack it, you have to export it, all these are jobs. So if we talk about increasing the volumes, then we are also increasing jobs.

We are going to use fertilisers. In Uganda, since we had good soils originally, people did not think about fertilisers but now we know we need to use fertilisers. Even with the current tree population of coffee, if we used fertilisers we can multiply the volumes, the productivity of coffee by three.

Cotton, we are going to emphasise not only production of cotton, but also value addition. We need to increase the production of cotton.

We are interested in people with larger chunks of land to go into these kinds of crops. Cotton is one of them, maize is one of them, and tobacco is one of them. We want to create partnerships with people who have big areas of land. Some of them are keeping the land as security – one day I will fall short of money and I will sell it. But now we want them to use this land.

Government of Uganda is planning to mechanise. With large chunks of land certainly you have to use mechanisation. And that is where we are going to put emphasis. Once people with large areas of land come into agriculture and once they partner with government and we use mechanisation then we are there. Only 500 people with 500 acres each if they decided to go into maize, they will produce enough maize for this country. We have already done it on paper and it is possible.

Research is there. Part of research is to produce new products – not only animals, but even crops.

Now the youth want to get quick money, we think they may be involved in horticulture and our researchers are working on those horticultural crops that can easily be undertaken by youth and women to get money within 90 days.

We want to organise the farmers, the youth who are going into horticulture to connect them to the market – not only the local markets but also those lucrative external markets, so that they produce for the market. So, all these will be jobs.

We shall be getting more money from exports. It is very easy to target export markets, once you organise the farmers. We want farmers to be organised around enterprises so that one day, each one of us here will know that if you want horticulture it comes from Kayunga and we can load 5 tons 20 tons every Monday.

We are going to organise our farmers to consciously produce for the market. We are going to add on volumes. We are going to meet the quality standards of the international markets, thereby increasing income, revenue for the country but also incomes for the people that we work for.

We have 10 inspectors so far. We want to add on the number of inspectors.

We are working with exporters. We are going to register all farmers that produce horticulture for export. That is vegetables and fruits for exports. Before December, you will see files of our lists of farmers who are producing for the export market.

Every exporter we attach to these groups (groups of farmers) who is going to buy from them must also have own extension services. Exporters are going to be required to recruit and have extension service providers in order to get a license from us.

We want to have a system that is coordinated and well planned and controlled. In view of diseases and pests; and these markets out there that are complaining about the poisonous drugs that we are using here, we really need to organise ourselves.

The Minister’s remarks were in response to the following three questions which journalists asked the panellists:

  • Minister in your speech you mentioned that you are looking at agriculture contributing four billion dollars. You mention a list of crops, am wondering, you did not say what you are going to do. Are you going to provide seeds?
  • I would like the Minister to give me specific interventions in terms of innovations that he thinks can mitigate the scarcity of jobs in this country at present.
  • You mentioned the four billion dollars, but there is a concern right now about horticultural products. That the Ministry of Agriculture has only two inspectors and the 50 plus exporters are not having their products verified in a timely manner. What is the position of the Ministry ahead of the European Union Review?
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5 comments

  1. […] My comment to an article titled “MAAIF PLANS EXPORT-ORIENTED LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE” […]

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  2. […] My comment to an article titled “MAAIF PLANS EXPORT-ORIENTED LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE” […]

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  3. All the following sound good:

    We shall be getting more money from exports. It is very easy to target export markets, once you organise the farmers. We are working with exporters. We are going to register all farmers that produce horticulture for export. That is vegetables and fruits for exports.

    But the most intriguing one is: “We have already done it on paper and it is possible.”

    There are a few things that must take place to succeed on some of those plans e.g. “Cotton, we are going to emphasize not only production of cotton, but also value addition”, in other words cotton cloth etc. There must be a ban on all second hand (used) clothes donated from overseas and sold cheaply all over the country, for local cotton so called “added value programs” to succeed.

    Here is the tricky part about developing nations trying to export to developed nations, price influence through Agricultural subsidies of developed countries. One has to understand how subsidies work in developed nations to be able to plan effectively for those markets. Here is a simplified version that goes to the point, “Our crazy farm subsidies, explained”: http://grist.org/food/our-crazy-farm-subsidies-explained/

    And it is not that this unfair competition has been known for sometime:
    http://www.reuters.com/article/us-foundation-food-subsidies-idUSKCN0HV1NK20141007

    Of the countries studied by the OECD, 94 percent of subsidies were spent by Asia, Europe, and North America—leaving only 6 percent for the rest of the world. EU spent over $106 billion on agricultural subsidies in total:

    http://www.worldwatch.org/agricultural-subsidies-remain-staple-industrial-world-0

    However, there are some areas that Uganda has an advantage in, and it is in Organic farming. Simple reason, for example in U.S. organic farming doesn’t get subsidies and there is a short supply of anything organic: https://www.organicconsumers.org/news/demand-organic-food-growing-faster-domestic-supply

    The organic food revolution that is minting millionaires: http://www.cnbc.com/2016/05/05/the-whole-foods-economy-sparks-organic-food-start-ups.html

    https://www.ota.com/news/press-releases/19031

    I don’t understand how the minister of Agriculture could have mentioned fertilizers’ contribution to increasing production but forgot to mention irrigation especially with this global warming that brings about un-predicitable droughts. Unless the value of irrigation is appreciated and given investment into, we will keep looking up the sky waiting for rain manna to fall from heaven, instead of using the water manna that God gave us long ago and is kept safely under the ground.

    The role of water in agricultural development: http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5582e/y5582e04.htm

    The problem is that Africans believe in free lunch, case in point: “In December 2015, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched an Emergency Appeal of 950,205 Swiss francs to meet the food security needs of 11,500 people affected by the drought in Namibia. However, the Appeal has only been funded 15 per cent, which means that only 1,200 people are being supported with drought relief by the Red Cross.” – http://www.ifrc.org/en/news-and-media/news-stories/africa/namibia/losing-crops-and-livestock-to-extensive-drought-in-namibia-72186/

    The question is this: “How much investment has Namibian government put into irrigation since 2012 when massive aquifers were discovered?”- http://www.pri.org/stories/2012-07-20/africa-massive-water-source-found-under-namibia-could-last-400-years

    “Too soon to tap Namibia’s groundwater find, experts say” – http://www.scidev.net/global/desert-science/news/too-soon-to-tap-namibia-s-groundwater-find-experts-say-1.html

    Your guess is as good as mine why Namibia was told that it was too soon to tap under ground water, yet longer droughts are causing famine and deaths. “A disturbing trend in the water sector is accelerating worldwide. The new “water barons” — the Wall Street banks and elitist multibillionaires — are buying up water all over the world at unprecedented pace.” – http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-new-water-barons-wall-street-mega-banks-are-buying-up-the-worlds-water/5383274

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  4. mukisa Edward · · Reply

    In uganda the so called learned people talk a lot, provide very good presentations but dont implement anything. Another factor contibuting to the failure of government policies is imcompetence and corruption. However the goverment has been paying lip services to this dangerous evil. And in most cases no will to fight this evil. Some of the culprits ate relatives.

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    1. Yes, Edward and some of the promises really are out out there … Like this whole thing about importing exotic animals … read more https://nowaraga.wordpress.com/2016/09/01/gou-to-import-exotic-animals-for-beef/

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